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Nurs Clin North Am. 2000 Dec;35(4):1031-46.

T'ai Chi Chih as an intervention for heart failure.

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  • 1University of Cincinnati College of Nursing, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.


A program of T'ai Chi Chih, a modified T'ai Chi exercise, was piloted in a study comprised of a small sample of individuals with heart failure. A conceptual framework guided the study design, integrating theories of the neurohormonal dynamics of heart failure with mind-body holistic perspectives of health. Comparisons of pre- and post-measures of heart failure symptoms, general health, mental health, functional capacity, and energy perceptions support the potential of T'ai Chi Chih in managing heart failure symptoms and improving quality of life. In this article, quantitative interviews capture the meaning of experiencing a complementary therapy as an intervention for chronic illness. Participation in T'ai Chi Chih by individuals with heart failure is a cost-effective, noninvasive alternative strategy that warrants continued investigation.

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