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Biopolymers. 2001 Jan;58(1):50-62.

Calmodulin binding properties of peptide analogues and fragments of the calmodulin-binding domain of simian immunodeficiency virus transmembrane glycoprotein 41.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada.


The calcium-regulatory protein calmodulin (CaM) can bind with high affinity to a region in the cytoplasmic C-terminal tail of glycoprotein 41 of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). The amino acid sequence of this region is (1)DLWETLRRGGRW(13)ILAIPRRIRQGLELT(28)L. In this work, we have used near- and far-uv CD, and fluorescence spectroscopy, to study the orientation of this peptide with respect to CaM. We have also studied biosynthetically carbon-13 methyl-Met calmodulin by (1)H, (13)C heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence NMR spectroscopy. Two Trp-substituted peptides, SIV-W3F and SIV-W12F, were utilized in addition to the intact SIV peptide. Two half-peptides, SIV-N (residues 1-13) and SIV-C (residues 13-28) were also synthesized and studied. The spectroscopic results obtained with the SIV-W3F and SIV-W12F peptides were generally consistent with those obtained for the native SIV peptide. Like the native peptide, these two analogues bind with an alpha-helical structure as shown by CD spectroscopy. Fluorescence intermolecular quenching studies suggested binding of Trp3 to the C-lobe of CaM. Our NMR results show that SIV-N can bind to both lobes of calcium-CaM, and that it strongly favors binding to the C-terminal hydrophobic region of CaM. The SIV-C peptide binds with relatively low affinity to both halves of the protein. These data reveal that the intact SIV peptide binds with its N-terminal region to the carboxy-terminal region of CaM, and this interaction initiates the binding of the peptide. This orientation is similar to that of most other CaM-binding domains.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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