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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 Nov 15;1494(1-2):1-13.

RNA editing: cytidine to uridine conversion in apolipoprotein B mRNA.

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MRC Molecular Medicine, Clinical Science Centre, Imperial College School of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.


RNA editing is a post-transcriptional process that changes the informational capacity within the RNA. These processes include alterations made by nucleotide deletion, insertion and base conversion. A to I and C to U conversion occurs in mammals and these editing events are catalysed by RNA binding deaminases. C to U editing of apoB mRNA was the first mammalian editing event to be identified. The minimal protein complex necessary for apoB mRNA editing has been determined and consists of APOBEC-1 and ACF. Overexpression of APOBEC-1 in transgenic animals caused liver dysplasia and APOBEC-1 has been identified in neurofibromatosis type 1 tumours, suggesting that RNA editing may be another mechanism for tumourigenesis. Several APOBEC-1-like proteins have been identified, including a family of APOBEC-1-related proteins with unknown function on chromosome 22. This review summarises the different types of RNA editing and discusses the current status of C to U apoB mRNA editing. This knowledge is very important in understanding the structure and function of these related proteins and their role in biology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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