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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Nov 11;278(1):97-105.

Endogenous AP-1 levels necessary for oncogenic activity are higher than those sufficient to support normal growth.

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Department of Gene Regulation, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.


We investigated the role of endogenous AP-1 in human tumor cell lines by introducing SupJunD-1, a dominant-negative mutant of AP-1, using vesicular stomatitis virus G protein (VSV-G)-pseudotyped retrovirus vectors. Single inoculation of six human tumor cell lines, originating from osteosarcomas, non-small cell lung carcinomas or cervical carcinomas, with recombinant SupJunD-1 virus at a high multiplicity of infection readily inhibited colony formation in soft agar. We detected no significant changes in expression levels of AP-1 components c-Jun or Fra-1, adhesion molecules CD44 or E-cadherin, or cell cycle regulator p53, which are encoded by genes previously reported to be under the control of AP-1 in some mouse or human cell lines. By varying the dosage of VSV-G-pseudotyped retrovirus, we were able to change the proviral copy number of supjunD-1 from 1 to approximately 10 and monitor suppression of endogenous AP-1 function as assessed by growth characteristics of the tumor cell lines, we found a SupJunD-1 dosage which significantly suppressed anchorage-independent growth without affecting the cellular growth in monolayer cultures at all. We conclude that endogenous AP-1 levels necessary for oncogenic activity are much higher than those sufficient to support normal growth.

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