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Neurology. 2000 Oct 24;55(8):1110-4.

Seizure outcome after surgery for epilepsy due to malformation of cortical development.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To explore seizure outcome after surgery for focal epilepsy due to malformation of cortical development (MCD), with focus on the role of MRI.

METHODS:

Thirty-five patients who had surgery for intractable focal epilepsy due to MCD identified by preoperative MRI and confirmed by histopathologic analysis of resected tissue were studied. Patients were aged 3 months to 47 years (median, 14 years) at the time of surgery. Duration of follow-up was 1 to 7.9 (mean, 3.4) years.

RESULTS:

At latest follow-up, 17 patients (49%) had Engel Class I outcome with no seizures or auras only; eight patients (23%) had Class II outcome, with rare disabling seizures; seven patients (20%) had worthwhile improvement; and three patients (9%) had no improvement. Seizure-free outcome tended to be more frequent among patients who had complete resection of unilateral MCD (excluding hemimegalencephaly) based on postoperative MRI (7/12; 58%), compared with patients with unilateral MCD who had incomplete resection (3/11; 27%), but the difference was not significant. The frequency of seizure-free outcome did not differ significantly between children (8/14; 57%), adolescents (7/15; 47%) or adults (2/6; 33%); between patients who had daily (12/24; 50%), weekly (4/9; 44%), or monthly (1/2; 50%) seizures preoperatively; between patients who had temporal (2/6; 33%) or extratemporal or multilobar resections (14/28; 50%); or between patients who were (9/16; 56%) or were not (8/19; 42%) studied with subdural electrodes. Results for all analyses were similar when analyzed at latest available follow-up or at 1 year after surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

Surgery can offer seizure-free outcome for approximately one half of carefully selected patients with intractable focal epilepsy due to MCD. Complete resection of the MRI-apparent lesion may improve the likelihood for favorable outcome. MRI evidence of hemimegalencephaly or bilateral MCD suggests a low likelihood for postoperative freedom from seizures.

PMID:
11071487
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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