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Curr Biol. 2000 Oct 19;10(20):1256-64.

Nuclear export of yeast signal recognition particle lacking Srp54p by the Xpo1p/Crm1p NES-dependent pathway.

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Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Biology, Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK.



The movement of macromolecules through the nuclear pores requires energy and transport receptors that bind both cargo and nuclear pores. Different molecules/complexes often require different transport receptors. The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a conserved cytosolic ribonucleoprotein that targets proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies have shown that the export of SRP RNA from the nucleus requires trans-acting factors and that SRP may be at least partly assembled in the nucleus, but little else is known about how it is assembled and exported into the cytoplasm.


Of the six proteins that constitute the yeast SRP, we found that all except Srp54p were imported into the nucleus. Four of these had nucleolar pools. The same four proteins are required for stability of the yeast SRP RNA scR1, suggesting that they assemble with the RNA in the nucleus to form a central core SRP. This core SRP was a competent export substrate. Of the remaining components, Sec65p entered the nucleus and was assembled onto the core particle there, whereas Srp54p was solely cytoplasmic. The export of SRP from the nucleus required the transport receptor Xpo1p/Crm1p and Yrb2p, both components of the pathway that exports leucine-rich nuclear export signal (NES)-containing proteins from the nucleus.


The SRP is assembled in the nucleus into a complex lacking only Srp54p. It is then exported through the NES pathway into the cytoplasm where Srp54p binds to it. This transport route for a ribonucleoprotein complex is so far unique in yeast.

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