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Eur J Immunol. 2000 Oct;30(10):2765-74.

Up-regulation of c-FLIPshort and reduction of activation-induced cell death in CD28-costimulated human T cells.

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Tumor Immunology Program, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg.


Efficient activation of antigen-specific T cells requires co-stimulatory signals provided e.g. by CD28. Re-exposure to antigen and CD28 co-stimulation reduces activation-induced cell death (AICD) and increases the number of T cells performing effector functions. AICD is mediated predominantly by CD95 (APO-1/Fas) and its cognate ligand (CD95L). In an in vitro model system, using human peripheral activated T cells, we demonstrate here that costimulation prevents CD95L expression. Moreover, we show that co-stimulation reduces the activity of the CD95 death-inducing signaling complex and procaspase-8 activation. In parallel, co-stimulation strongly increases expression of the short form of the FLICE-inhibitory protein c-FLIPshort and of Bcl-xL. These data provide important new insight into the molecular mechanisms of apoptosis resistance in co-stimulated T cells.

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