Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Haematologica. 2000 Nov;85(11):1146-52.

Correlation between cytogenetic abnormalities and disease characteristics in multiple myeloma: monosomy of chromosome 13 and structural abnormalities of 11q are associated with a high percentage of S-phase plasma cells.

Author information

1
Servicio de Hematología, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca and Centro de Investigación del Cáncer (CIC), Universidad de Salamanca-CSIC, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Cytogenetic studies in multiple myleoma (MM) are limited by the difficulties in obtaining metaphases that can be investigated and few studies have analyzed the relationship between cytogenetics and clinical disease characteristics. The aim of our study was to analyze the recurrent cytogenetic changes in MM and to correlate them with clinical and biological characteristics including the percentage of S-phase plasma cells (PCs).

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Chromosomal abnormalities were analyzed in 86 patients with MM. In all patients, two types of cultures (5 d culture with interleukin-4 and unstimulated 72 h culture) were used for cytogenetic analysis. DNA content analysis (ploidy and cell cycle analysis) together with the most relevant clinical and biological disease features were studied.

RESULTS:

Cytogenetic analysis was successful in 72 of the 86 patients (84%). Forty-seven patients (65%) had an abnormal karyotype. The most frequent trisomies involved chromosomes 3, 5, 9, 11, 15, 19, 22, 1, 7, 17, 18, and 21, and monosomies affected chromosomes 13 and 8, while structural changes involved chromosomes 1, 11, 14q32, 4p16 and 16q22-23. Patients with abnormal karyotype displayed a poor performance status, advanced stage, anemia and a high percentage of bone marrow plasma cells. In addition, MM patients with -13/13q- and 11q abnormalities showed a significantly higher proportion of S-phase PCs (p=0.02).

INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS:

In summary, our study shows a relationship between unfavorable cytogenetics (-13/13q-/11q abnormalities) and a high percentage of S-phase PCs, a well-known adverse prognostic factor.

PMID:
11064466
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center