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Anticancer Res. 2000 Sep-Oct;20(5A):2907-14.

Ferric nitrilotriacetate induced DNA and protein damage: inhibitory effect of a fermented papaya preparation.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720-3200, USA.


The carcinogen Fe-NTA catalyzes the hydrogen peroxide-derived production of free radicals and possibly acts through a mechanism involving oxidative stress. Fermented papaya preparation (FPP) has been reported as a natural antioxidant able to prevent lipid peroxidation in vitro and in vivo. However, little is known about the antioxidant properties of FPP regarding iron-mediated oxidative damage to DNA and proteins. In the present study FPP protected supercoiled plasmid DNA against Fe-NTA plus H2O2 induced single and double strand breaks. Similar protective effects of FPP were evident when human T-lymphocytes were challenged with Fe-NTA/H2O2 and DNA damage was determined using the Comet assay. Fe-NTA/H2O2 also induced fragmentation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) in vitro and depleted cellular GSH levels in lymphocytes. BSA fragmentation and GSH depletion were dose-dependently counteracted by FPP. EPR spin trapping studies demonstrated that antioxidant properties of FPP are related to both hydroxyl scavenging as well as iron chelating properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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