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Nat Genet. 2000 Nov;26(3):291-9.

Senescence bypass screen identifies TBX2, which represses Cdkn2a (p19(ARF)) and is amplified in a subset of human breast cancers.

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Division of Molecular Carcinogenesis, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


To identify new immortalizing genes with potential roles in tumorigenesis, we performed a genetic screen aimed to bypass the rapid and tight senescence arrest of primary fibroblasts deficient for the oncogene Bmi1. We identified the T-box member TBX2 as a potent immortalizing gene that acts by downregulating Cdkn2a (p19(ARF)). TBX2 represses the Cdkn2a (p19(ARF)) promoter and attenuates E2F1, Myc or HRAS-mediated induction of Cdkn2a (p19(ARF)). We found TBX2 to be amplified in a subset of primary human breast cancers, indicating that it might contribute to breast cancer development.

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