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Virology. 2000 Nov 10;277(1):156-66.

Structural determinants in adenovirus 12 E1A involved in the interaction with C-terminal binding protein 1.

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  • 1School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom.


The interaction between the C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP-1) and purified Ad12 E1A protein has been examined through the use of a combination of biophysical techniques. A fragment equivalent to the 77 C-terminal amino acids of Ad12 E1A (Ad12 77-a.a. E1A) was generated by limited proteolysis of Ad12 266-a.a. E1A at Phe(187) and/or Tyr(189) using chymotrypsin. The impact of deletion of the 189 N-terminal amino acids from E1A on the equilibrium dissociation constant K(d) for binding to CtBP was assessed using ELISA in vitro binding assays and intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy. Values of K(d) of 4.0 and 38 nM were determined for full-length and truncated forms of E1A, respectively. Circular dichroism spectroscopic studies revealed that the conformation adopted by these polypeptides is dependent on the surrounding environment, which is predominately randomly folded when free in solution, but adopting a more ordered alpha-helical secondary structure in the presence of trifluoroethanol. Using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to examine the interaction between Ad E1A and CtBP it was observed that the chemical shift positions of individual backbone amide nitrogen atoms were well resolved in (15)N-(1)H-HSQC NMR spectra performed on samples of isotopically (15)N-labeled Ad12 77-a.a. E1A. In the presence of CtBP, signals of backbone amide nitrogen atoms displayed increased linewidth consistent with an increase in molecular mass upon binding CtBP. In addition, some signals that have been attributed to Val(254/256) and Leu(259), and reside within the binding site for CtBP on E1A, are shifted in the (15)N- and/or (1)H-dimensions, defining specific contacts between E1A and CtBP. These data suggest that structural determinants in the C-terminal PXDLS binding motif in the rest of exon 2 and in exon 1 all contribute to optimizing the conformation of the binding site on Ad12 E1A for CtBP. However, no interaction was observed between CtBP and truncated Ad12 E1A, which no longer contained the C-terminal binding motif.

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