Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Urol. 2000 Dec;164(6):2082-5.

Robotic remote laparoscopic nephrectomy and adrenalectomy: the initial experience.

Author information

1
Section of Laparoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We evaluated the feasibility of performing laparoscopic nephrectomy and adrenalectomy exclusively by using robotic telepresent technology from a remote workstation and compared outcomes with those of conventional laparoscopy in an acute porcine model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Five pigs underwent bilateral laparoscopic nephrectomy (robotic in 5 and conventional in 4) and adrenalectomy (robotic in 4 and conventional in 3). In the 9 robotic laparoscopic procedures all intraoperative manipulations were completely performed telerobotically from a remote workstation without any conventional laparoscopic assistance on site. Animals were sacrificed acutely.

RESULTS:

Robotic laparoscopic nephrectomy required significantly longer total operative (85.2 versus 38.5 minutes, p = 0.0009) and actual surgical (73.4 versus 27.5 minutes, p = 0.0002) time than conventional laparoscopy. However, blood loss and adequacy of surgical dissection were comparable in the 2 groups. Robotic laparoscopic adrenalectomy required longer total operative (51 versus 32.3 minutes, p = 0.13) and actual surgical (38.5 versus 18.7 minutes, p = 0.14) time than conventional laparoscopy. The solitary complication in this study was an inferior vena caval tear during robotic right adrenalectomy, which was adequately repaired by sutures telerobotically in a remote manner.

CONCLUSIONS:

To our knowledge we present the initial experience with remote telerobotic laparoscopic nephrectomy and adrenalectomy. Telepresent laparoscopic surgery is feasible.

PMID:
11061931
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center