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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2000 Oct;68(4):345-55.

Induction of P-glycoprotein by rifampin increases intestinal secretion of talinolol in human beings: a new type of drug/drug interaction.

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Institute of Pharmacology, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Greifswald, Germany.



P-Glycoprotein is an efflux pump in many epithelial cells with excretory function. It has been demonstrated that rifampin (INN, rifampicin) induces P-glycoprotein, particularly in the gut wall. We therefore hypothesized that rifampin affects pharmacokinetics of the P-glycoprotein substrate talinolol, a beta1-blocker without appreciable metabolic disposition but intense intestinal secretion in human beings.


Pharmacokinetics of talinolol (a single dose of 30 mg administered intravenously or 100 mg administered orally for 7 days) and duodenal expression of the MDR1 gene product P-glycoprotein as assessed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction of the MDR1-messenger ribonucleic acid, by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis were analyzed before and after coadministration of rifampin (600 mg per day for 9 days) in 8 male healthy volunteers (age 22 to 26 years).


During rifampin treatment, the areas under the curve of intravenous and oral talinolol were significantly lower (21% and 35%; P < .05). Treatment with rifampin resulted in a significantly increased expression of duodenal P-glycoprotein content 4.2-fold (2.9, 6.51) (Western blot) and messenger RNA was increased in six of the eight volunteers. P-Glycoprotein expression in biopsy specimens of gut mucosa correlated significantly with the systemic clearance of intravenous talinolol (rs = 0.74; P < .001).


Rifampin induces P-glycoprotein-mediated excretion of talinolol predominantly in the gut wall. Moreover, clearance of talinolol from the blood into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract may be predicted by the individual intestinal P-glycoprotein expression. Thus we describe a new type of steady-state drug interaction affecting compounds that are subject to transport rather than metabolism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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