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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Oct;85(10):3793-7.

DR- and DQ-associated protection from type 1A diabetes: comparison of DRB1*1401 and DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602*.

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Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA.


The transmission disequilibrium test was used to analyze haplotypes for association and linkage to diabetes within families from the Human Biological Data Interchange type 1 diabetes repository (n = 1371 subjects) and from the Norwegian Type 1 Diabetes Simplex Families study (n = 2441 subjects). DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 was transmitted to 2 of 313 (0.6%) affected offspring (P < 0.001, vs. the expected 50% transmission). Protection was associated with the DQ alleles rather than DRB1*1501 in linkage disequilibrium with DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602: rare DRB1*1501 haplotypes without DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 were transmitted to 5 of 11 affected offspring, whereas DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 was transmitted to 2 of 313 affected offspring (P < 0.0001). Rare DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 haplotypes without DRB1*1501 were never transmitted to affected offspring (n = 6). The DQA1*0101-DQB1*0503 haplotype was transmitted to 2 of 42 (4.8%) affected offspring (P < 0.001, vs. 50% expected transmission). Although DRB1*1401 is in linkage disequilibrium with DQB1*0503, neither of the two affected children who carried DQA1*0101-DQB1*0503 had DRB1*1401. However, all 13 nonaffected children who inherited DQA1*0101-DQB1*0503 had DRB1*1401. In a case-control comparison of patients from the Barbara Davis Center, DQA1*0101-DQB1*0503 was found in 5 of 110 (4.5%) controls compared with 3 of 728 (0.4%) patients (P < 0.005). Of the three patients with DQB1*0503, only one had DRB1*1401. Our data suggest that both DR and DQ molecules (the DRB1*1401 and DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 alleles) can provide protection from type 1A diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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