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Cleve Clin J Med. 2000 Oct;67(10):720-2, 725-6.

The evolving role of hormone therapy in advanced prostate cancer.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Cleveland Clinic, USA.


Earlier diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer has changed the face of late-stage disease, and the use of mainstay hormonal therapies--orchiectomy, luteinizing hormone releasing-hormone analogs, and combined androgen ablation--are evolving rapidly. New approaches such as antiandrogen monotherapy and intermittent therapy are being evaluated. In addition, palliative treatments for patients with androgen-independent tumors have expanded. The most common clinical presentation of advanced prostate cancer is a rising prostate-specific antigen level following primary therapy (radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy or both). Due to the negative psychological implications of orchiectomy, many patients are opting for treatment with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogs. Because studies of combined androgen ablation have not provided conclusive results, it is reasonable to forego antiandrogen therapy for patients who undergo bilateral orchiectomy. Management options for patients with androgen-independent prostate cancer are expanding and include antiandrogen removal, antiandrogen therapy, and glucocorticoids.

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