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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2000 Oct;47(5):1067-84.

Diagnosis and management of dental injuries in children.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Ohio State University College of Dentistry, Columbus, USA.


Approximately half of children sustain some type of dental injury. Management of injuries to the anterior teeth of preschool children is directed toward minimizing potential damage to the developing permanent teeth; therefore, heroic measures to save primary teeth are not indicated. Crown fractures in the permanent dentition, even those exposing the dental pulp, can be successfully treated hours after an injury. Prompt referral for dental treatment is advisable. Displacement injuries to permanent teeth constitute genuine dental emergencies in which the prognosis is directly related to the timeliness of treatment. Avulsed permanent teeth should be immediately reimplanted by any capable person. If that is impossible, the teeth should be placed in cold milk and the child referred for immediate treatment by a dentist. Mouthguards prevent dental injuries but are not widely used outside of a few organized sports. Efforts should continue to promote mouthguard use in all contact sports.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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