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J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000 Oct;82-A(10):1426-31.

Evaluation of periprosthetic bone-remodeling after cementless total hip arthroplasty. The influence of the extent of porous coating.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan.



Total hip arthroplasty changes the levels of stress within the proximal part of the femur, and the femur remodels adjacent to the prosthesis. The stem size and the initial bone-mineral density around the distal portion of the stem affect postoperative bone-remodeling after the insertion of a fully porous-coated metal-cancellous prosthesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the extent of porous coating of this prosthesis on femoral bone-remodeling.


A longitudinal examination of sixty-one hips in fifty-four patients was performed. Thirty-one hips in twenty-seven patients with a fully porous-coated stem (Group A) and thirty hips in twenty-seven patients with a proximally porous-coated stem (Group B) were followed for twenty-four to thirty months. Periprosthetic bone-mineral density was measured with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at specific intervals after the operation.


In both groups, the greatest loss of bone-mineral density, compared with the initial (three-week) value, was approximately 20 percent in zone 7 at twelve to eighteen months. In other zones, bone-remodeling appeared to cease by twelve months. At the last follow-up evaluation, the loss of bone-mineral density in the distal and middle regions in Group A was significantly greater than that in Group B (p < 0.01 for zone 3 and p < 0.05 for zone 6). In contrast, with the numbers available, there were no significant differences in loss of bone-mineral density in the proximal regions (zones 1 and 7) between the two groups at any follow-up period.


The extent of porous coating affects bone-remodeling in the distal periprosthetic region rather than in the proximal region. The results in the present report are specific to the particular implants that were studied.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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