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Can J Psychiatry. 2000 Sep;45(7):639-44.

Controlling the environment to prevent suicide: international perspectives.

Author information

1
University of Leiden, The Netherlands. draalee@wincom.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Suicide and suicidal behaviour are multifaceted events requiring complex solutions. Controlling the environment is a neglected solution, despite strong support for this approach from the World Health Organization (WHO).

METHOD:

To discuss this approach from a global view, this review is written by authors from various cultures: American, Australian, Canadian, Chinese, Cuban, Dutch, Indian, Irish, Japanese, Lithuanian, Native North American, Russian, and South African.

RESULTS:

We examine gun control to illustrate the environmental control approach; however, the worldwide diversity of suicide methods calls for diverse responses. Further, controlling the environment encompasses more than restricting the means of suicide, which we illustrate with examples of toned-down media reports and restricted medicine availability.

CONCLUSIONS:

Controlling the environment may be a viable strategy for preventing suicide, although research shows that few clinicians implement such approaches.

PMID:
11056826
DOI:
10.1177/070674370004500706
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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