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Arthritis Res. 2000;2(6):489-503. Epub 2000 Aug 31.

Fc gamma R expression on macrophages is related to severity and chronicity of synovial inflammation and cartilage destruction during experimental immune-complex-mediated arthritis (ICA).

Author information

1
Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital St Radboud, Nijmegen. A.Blom@reuma.azn.nl

Abstract

STATEMENT OF FINDINGS:

We investigated the role of Fc gamma receptors (Fc gamma Rs) on synovial macrophages in immune-complex-mediated arthritis (ICA). ICA elicited in knee joints of C57BL/6 mice caused a short-lasting, florid inflammation and reversible loss of proteoglycans (PGs), moderate chondrocyte death, and minor erosion of the cartilage. In contrast, when ICA was induced in knee joints of Fc receptor (FcR) gamma-chain(-/-) C57BL/6 mice, which lack functional Fc gamma RI and RIII, inflammation and cartilage destruction were prevented. When ICA was elicited in DBA/1 mice, a very severe, chronic inflammation was observed, and significantly more chondrocyte death and cartilage erosion than in arthritic C57BL/6 mice. The synovial lining and peritoneal macrophages of naïve DBA/1 mice expressed a significantly higher level of Fc gamma Rs than was seen in C57BL/6 mice. Moreover, elevated and prolonged expression of IL-1 was found after stimulation of these cells with immune complexes. Zymosan or streptococcal cell walls caused comparable inflammation and only mild cartilage destruction in all strains. We conclude that Fc gamma R expression on synovial macrophages may be related to the severity of synovial inflammation and cartilage destruction during ICA.

PMID:
11056679
PMCID:
PMC17821
DOI:
10.1186/ar131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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