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Nat Cell Biol. 2000 Nov;2(11):855-8.

Type II myosin regulatory light chain relieves auto-inhibition of myosin-heavy-chain function.

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Cell Division Laboratory, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, The National University of Singapore, 1 Research Link, Singapore 117604.


The F-actin based motor protein myosin II has a key role in cytokinesis. Here we show that the Schizosaccharomyces pombe regulatory light chain (RLC) protein Rlc1p binds to Myo2p in manner that is dependent on the IQ sequence motif (the RLC-binding site), and that Rlc1p is a component of the actomyosin ring. Rlc1p is important for cytokinesis at all growth temperatures and is essential for this process at lower temperatures. Interestingly, all deleterious phenotypes associated with the loss of Rlc1p function are suppressed by deletion of the RLC binding site on Myo2p. We conclude that the sole essential function of RLCs in fission yeast is to relieve the auto-inhibition of myosin II function, which is mediated by the RLC-binding site, on the myosin heavy chain (MHC).

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