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J Cell Physiol. 2000 Dec;185(3):358-65.

Localization of BAI-associated protein1/membrane-associated guanylate kinase-1 at adherens junctions in normal rat kidney cells: polarized targeting mediated by the carboxyl-terminal PDZ domains.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.


Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor (BAI)-associated protein (BAP)1 (also called membrane-associated guanylate kinase [MAGI]-1) is composed of six PSD-95/Dlg-A/ZO-1 (PDZ) domains, two WW domains, and one guanylate kinase (GK) domain. We previously reported that BAP1 is localized at tight junctions in Madine Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells and intestinal epithelial cells. Here, we have determined the localization of BAP1 in normal rat kidney (NRK) cells that do not form tight junctions. BAP1 was colocalized with E-cadherin along the lateral membrane, suggesting its localization at adherens junctions. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-BAP1 was distributed in the cytosol in separate NRK cells, and accumulated to the cell-cell contacts when NRK cells have contact with each other. The GFP-BAP1 mutant containing either the first PDZ and GK domains or the WW and second PDZ domains was localized in the cytosol and the nucleus. The GFP-BAP1 mutant containing the second to fourth PDZ domains was distributed in the cytosol. The construct containing the fifth and sixth PDZ domains was localized at the cell-cell contacts along the lateral membrane and slightly in the nucleus, whereas the construct lacking the fifth and sixth PDZ domains was localized in the cytosol and in the nucleus. BAP1 was tyrosine-phosphorylated in vivo, but the tyrosine phosphorylation of BAP1 was not correlated with its localization. These results suggest that the signal in the carboxyl-terminal PDZ domains functions dominantly in vivo to target BAP1 to the lateral membrane, although potential nuclear localization signals exist in the N-terminal region of BAP1.

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