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J Med Virol. 2000 Nov;62(3):364-76.

Alteration of virus entry mode: a neutralisation mechanism for Dengue-2 virus.

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1
Department of Microbiology, National University of Singapore, Republic of Singapore.

Abstract

Polyclonal antibodies derived from dengue virus immune sera and 3H5 monoclonal antibody showed potent neutralisation effect on dengue-2 virus in the plaque reduction neutralisation assay. This study demonstrated that antibodies present in immune human sera and 3H5 monoclonal antibody neutralised dengue-2 virus by altering the virus entry pathway into cells. In the presence of neutralising antibodies, dengue-2 virus was endocytosed by LLC-MK2 cells. The endocytosis process involved ruffling of antibody-coated virions by cellular pseudopodia and invagination of cell membrane. This mode of entry is atypical as compared to direct fusion of dengue-2 virus with cell membrane in the absence of antibody. The virions were internalised in the form of virion-antibody complexes consisting of single or clumps of virions. After 3 minutes of incubation, neutralised virions were detected in cellular vesicles, and signs of intra-endosomal penetration into cytoplasm were not evident even after a prolonged incubation of 10 minutes, suggesting that viral uncoating was compromised. Vesicle-bound virions were no longer detected after 20 minutes of incubation. In addition, no sign of viral replication was detected in cells infected with "neutralised" virions by immunofluorescence assay. This indicated that internalised virions had been degraded leading to abortive infection. In conclusion, antibodies present in 3H5 monoclonal antibody and human immune sera rendered dengue-2 virus non-infective by neutralising the viral fusion site and causing alteration of viral entry mode. Antibodies in immune sera but not 3H5 monoclonal antibody also exerted minimal inhibitory effect on virus binding and internalisation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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