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J Neurosci Res. 2000 Nov 1;62(3):336-45.

Distinct roles for PI3K in proliferation and survival of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells.

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Departments of Surgery (Neurosurgery), Molecular Genetics, and Microbiology, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA.


Phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is a downstream effector for multiple ligand-activated receptors and modulates cell responses through activation of its target protein kinase B (Akt). We examined the roles of PI3K-Akt signaling in a primary glial (oligodendrocyte) progenitor cell culture system that is ligand-dependent for cell proliferation, survival, and prevention of differentiation. We demonstrate that PI3K and Akt (Ser-473 phosphorylation) are activated in response to platelet-derived growth factor but not basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) and that distinct forms of PI3K are activated in early progenitors and later-maturation pro-oligodendroblasts as identified by their sensitivity to wortmannin. By establishing conditions to examine effects on cell proliferation and survival independently, we demonstrate that PI3K is necessary for a full mitogenic response and that PI3K is also necessary for early progenitor survival. Our results therefore demonstrate that PI3K-Akt signaling independently regulates proliferation and survival, that the form of PI3K is distinct in early progenitors and pro-oligodendroblasts, and that FGF2 does not activate this pathway in either primary glial cell population.

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