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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2000 Oct;20(10):843-55.

Interleukin-1/Toll receptor family members: receptor structure and signal transduction pathways.

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Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.


Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a central mediator of the inflammatory response. It plays a role in both systemic and local immune responses to invading microbes. There are two receptors (IL-1RI and IL-1RII) that mediate the cellular responses. These receptors belong to a family of receptors based on homologous receptor structure within the intracellular signaling domain. Other family members include the Drosophila protein Toll, the recently discovered mammalian Toll-like receptors (TLR), and the IL-18 receptor. Engagement of these receptors by their diverse ligands results in activation of very similar signal transduction cascades through use of common signaling intermediates. These signal transduction cascades lead to the activation of cellular responses that are known to regulate the innate immune response. Therefore, elucidating the function and redundancy of this receptor family is essential to the understanding of the innate immune response. This review examines each member of this receptor family and emphasizes similarities and potential differences in both receptor structure and signal transduction pathways to further the understanding of this complex receptor family.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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