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Hum Immunol. 2000 Sep;61(9):898-907.

T cell immune reconstitution after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in bare lymphocyte syndrome.

Author information

1
Departments of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

To study the impact of an MHC class II-negative environment on T cell immune reconstitution, we have analyzed the phenotypical and functional characteristics of FACS-sorted cultured CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in two Bare Lymphocyte Syndrome (BLS) patients before and after allo-BMT. A similar analysis was performed in two MHC class II expressing pediatric leukemia patients after treatment with an allo-BMT who were included in our study as control. It was observed that CD4(+) T cells displayed cytolytic alloreactivity in both BLS patients prior to and within the first year after allo-BMT, whereas such cells were absent at a later time-point, in the donors and pediatric leukemia controls. In addition, reduced MHC class II expression was observed in CD8(+) T cells of both recipients early after allo-BMT, irrespective of the T cell chimerism pattern. Lack of endogenous MHC class II expression in BLS patients, therefore, results in aberrant T cell selection within the first year after allo-BMT, analogous to T cell selection before transplantation. These T cell selection processes seem to be normalized at a later time point after allo-BMT probably due to migration and integration of graft-derived MHC class II-positive antigen presenting cells to sites of T cell selection.

PMID:
11053633
DOI:
10.1016/s0198-8859(00)00156-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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