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Br J Pharmacol. 2000 Nov;131(5):1004-10.

Transforming growth factor-alpha stimulates prostaglandin generation through cytosolic phospholipase A(2) under the control of p11 in rat gastric epithelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathological Biochemistry, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Misasagi, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8414, Japan.


The regulatory effects of transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha on phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) isozymes contributing to prostaglandin generation in rat gastric epithelial RGM1 cells were examined. Stimulation with TGF-alpha for 24 h time-dependently induced prostaglandin E(2) generation with an increase in cyclo-oxygenase-2 protein. The TGF-alpha-induced prostaglandin E(2) generation was suppressed by NS-398, a cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor. TGF-alpha stimulated the activity and the protein synthesis of cytosolic PLA(2) (cPLA(2)). A time-dependent increase in cPLA(2) protein occurred in parallel with PGE(2) generation, which was inhibited by methyl arachidonyl fluorophosphonate (MAFP), a cPLA(2) inhibitor. However, no change in activity of secretory PLA(2) or Ca(+2)-independent PLA(2) was observed in the TGF-alpha-stimulated cells. Stimulation with the Ca(2+) ionophore A23187 for 10 min induced MAFP-sensitive arachidonic acid liberation. Interestingly, preincubation with TGF-alpha for 24 h diminished A23187-stimulated arachidonic acid liberation despite the increase in cPLA(2) protein. Under the conditions, TGF-alpha was found to increase p11, an endogenous cPLA(2) suppressor, also known as annexin II light chain. The TGF-alpha-induced increase in p11 was suppressed by tyrphostin AG1478, an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase of epidermal growth factor receptor, which was also found to restore the inhibition by TGF-alpha of A23187-stimulated arachidonic acid liberation. However, TGF-alpha did not alter protein levels of annexin II heavy chain. These results suggest that TGF-alpha stimulates prostaglandin generation through an increase in cPLA(2), the hydrolytic action of which may be under the control of p11.

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