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Cell. 2000 Sep 29;103(1):29-40.

A mechanism for translationally coupled mRNA turnover: interaction between the poly(A) tail and a c-fos RNA coding determinant via a protein complex.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Houston Medical School 77030, USA.


mRNA turnover mediated by the major protein-coding-region determinant of instability (mCRD) of the c-fos proto-oncogene transcript illustrates a functional interplay between mRNA turnover and translation. We show that the function of mCRD depends on its distance from the poly(A) tail. Five mCRD-associated proteins were identified: Unr, a purine-rich RNA binding protein; PABP, a poly(A) binding protein; PAIP-1, a poly(A) binding protein interacting protein; hnRNP D, an AU-rich element binding protein; and NSAP1, an hnRNP R-like protein. These proteins form a multiprotein complex. Overexpression of these proteins stabilized mCRD-containing mRNA by impeding deadenylation. We propose that a bridging complex forms between the poly(A) tail and the mCRD and ribosome transit disrupts or reorganizes the complex, leading to rapid RNA deadenylation and decay.

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