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Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Oct 27;407(1-2):175-81.

L-750355, a human beta3-adrenoceptor agonist; in vitro pharmacology and profile of activity in vivo in the rhesus monkey.

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Department of Animal Pharmacology, Merck Research Laboratories (RY80Y-135), P.O. Box 2000, Rahway, NJ 07065-0900, USA.


The profile of in vitro and in vivo biology of a human beta3-adrenoceptor agonist, (S)-N-[4-[2-[[3[(2-amino-5-pyridinyl)oxy]-2-hydroxy-propyl]amino]-eth yl]-phenyl]-4-isopropylbenzenesulfonamide, L-750355, is described. Using cloned human and rhesus beta1-, beta2- and beta3-adrenoceptors, expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, L-750355 was shown to be a potent, albeit partial, agonist for the human (EC(50)=10 nM; % maximal receptor activation=49%) and rhesus (EC(50)=28 nM; % maximal receptor activation=34%) beta3-adrenoceptors. Furthermore, L-750355 stimulates lipolysis in rhesus adipocytes in vitro. L-750355 is a weak partial agonist (EC(50)=3.2 microM; % maximal receptor activation=33% ) for the human beta1-adrenoceptor but exhibits no agonist activity for rhesus beta1- or beta2-adrenoceptors of either human or rhesus origin. Administration of L-750355 to anesthetized rhesus monkeys, as a series of rising dose intravenous infusions, evokes dose-dependent glycerolemia and tachycardia with no change in mean arterial blood pressure or plasma potassium. The dose-response curve for L-750355-induced glycerolemia lies to the left of that for tachycardia. Propranolol, at a dose (0.3 mg/kg, i.v. ) that attenuates isoproterenol-induced changes in heart rate and glycerolemia, abolished L-750355-induced tachycardia but had no effect on L-750355-induced glycerolemia.

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