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Shock. 2000 Oct;14(4):447-50.

Heat shock inhibits phosphorylation of I-kappaBalpha.

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1
Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA.

Abstract

Previous studies demonstrated that induction of the heat shock response is associated with inhibition of the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-kappaB by a mechanism involving inhibition of I-kappaBalpha degradation. To provide further insight regarding the interactions of these fundamental cellular responses, the present experiments were designed to elucidate the mechanism(s) by which heat shock inhibits degradation of I-kappaBalpha. In an in vitro model of inflammatory cell signaling, treatment of RAW 264.7 murine macrophages with LPS (100 ng/mL) caused rapid degradation of I-kappaBalpha. Heat shock, 1 h before treatment with LPS, completely inhibited LPS-mediated degradation of I-kappaBalpha. Immunoprecipitation studies demonstrated that heat shock inhibited LPS-mediated ubiquitination of I-kappaBalpha. Western-blot analyses using a phosphorylated I-kappaBalpha-specific antibody demonstrated that heat shock inhibited LPS-mediated phosphorylation of I-kappaBalpha. In contrast, heat shock induced phosphorylation of c-jun. In murine fibroblasts having genetic ablation of the heat shock factor-1 gene, heat shock inhibited tumor necrosis factor-alpha mediated degradation of I-kappaBalpha. We conclude that the mechanism by which heat shock inhibits LPS-mediated degradation of I-kappaBalpha involves specific inhibition of I-kappaBalpha phosphorylation and subsequent I-kappaBalpha ubiquitination. In addition, this mechanism does not involve activation of heat shock factor-1 or the heat shock proteins regulated by heat shock factor-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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