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J Immunol. 2000 Nov 1;165(9):5127-32.

Receptor for activated C-kinase (RACK-1), a WD motif-containing protein, specifically associates with the human type I IFN receptor.

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Department of Immunology, Berlex Biosciences, Richmond CA 94804, USA.


The cytoplasmic domain of the human type I IFN receptor chain 2 (IFNAR2c or IFN-alphaRbetaL) was used as bait in a yeast two-hybrid system to identify novel proteins interacting with this region of the receptor. We report here a specific interaction between the cytoplasmic domain of IFN-alphaRbetaL and a previously identified protein, RACK-1 (receptor for activated C kinase). Using GST fusion proteins encoding different regions of the cytoplasmic domain of IFN-alphaRbetaL, the minimum site for RACK-1 binding was mapped to aa 300-346. RACK-1 binding to IFN-alphaRbetaL did not require the first 91 aa of RACK-1, which includes two WD domains, WD1 and WD2. The interaction between RACK-1 and IFN-alphaRbetaL, but not the human IFN receptor chain 1 (IFNAR1 or IFN-alphaRalpha), was also detected in human Daudi cells by coimmunoprecipitation. RACK-1 was shown to be constitutively associated with IFN-alphaRbetaL, and this association was not effected by stimulation of Daudi cells with type I IFNs (IFN-beta1b). RACK-1 itself did not become tyrosine phosphorylated upon stimulation of Daudi cells with IFN-beta1b. However, stimulation of cells with either IFN-beta1b or PMA did result in an increase in detectable immunofluorescence and intracellular redistribution of RACK-1.

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