Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2000 Oct;9(10):1067-70.

Tumor necrosis factor a-11 and DR15-DQ6 (B*0602) haplotype increase the risk for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in human papillomavirus 16 seropositive women in Northern Sweden.

Author information

Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


HLA genes have been shown to be associated with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), a precursor of cervical cancer. The human papillomaviruses (HPV) types 16 and 18 are the major environmental cause of this disease. Because the immune system plays an important role in the control of HPV infection, the association of polymorphic HLA could lead to a different immune response to control the development of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between CIN and a microsatellite polymorphism of tumor necrosis factor (TNFa) taking HPV exposure and CIN-associated HLA haplotypes into account. In a nested case-control study in northern Sweden, 64 patients and 147 controls matched for age and sex and derived from the same population-based cohort were typed for TNFA, HLA-DR, and DQ and assayed for antibodies to HPV types 16 and 18. TNFa polymorphism was not associated with CIN per se. However, there was a significant increase in the frequency of TNFa-11 among HPV16-positive and HLA DR15-DQ6 (B*0602) patients compared with HPV16- and HLA-DQ6-negative patients (odds ratios, 5.4 and 9.3, respectively). The relative risk for CIN conferred by the combination of TNFa-11, HLA-DQ6, and HPV 16 positivity was 15. Our study suggests that the TNFa-11 allele is associated with HPV16 infection and associated with CIN in combination with HLA-DQ6 but not by itself.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center