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Scand J Public Health. 2000 Sep;28(3):200-8.

Socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation: the role of social participation.

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Department of Community Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.



The aim of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial resources explain socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance.


A subpopulation of 11,837 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study interviewed in 1992-94, age range 45-64 years, was investigated in this cross-sectional study. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess relative risks of having stopped smoking, adjusting for age, country of origin, previous/current diseases, and marital status.


An odds ratio of 1.9 (1.4-2.5; 95% CI) for men and 2.0 (1.4-2.7; 95% CI) for women of having stopped smoking was found for higher non-manual employees when compared with unskilled manual workers. A decrease in these odds ratios was found when social participation was introduced into the model. The other three social network and social support variables were non-significant.


High social participation is a predictor of maintenance of smoking cessation. It seems possible to interpret parts of the socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance as a consequence of differing social network resources and social capital between socioeconomic groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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