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Lab Invest. 2000 Oct;80(10):1541-51.

VCAM-1, but not ICAM-1 or MAdCAM-1, immunoblockade ameliorates DSS-induced colitis in mice.

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Department of Gastroenterology, Institut de Malalties Digestives, University of Barcelona, Spain.


Adhesion molecule immunoneutralization is envisioned as a promising therapy for inflammatory bowel disease, but the relative value of selective blockade of different adhesion molecules has not been established. The aims of this study were to measure expression and functional relevance of endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM-1) in leukocyte recruitment in experimental colitis and to compare the therapeutic effectiveness of their selective blockade. For this purpose, cell adhesion molecule expression was measured by the dual radiolabeled antibody technique in mice with dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis and controls. Leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions were determined in colonic venules by fluorescence intravital microscopy. Therapeutic effects of chronic treatment with anti-ICAM-1, anti-VCAM-1, or anti-MAdCAM-1 antibodies were also assessed. Whereas colonic endothelial ICAM-1 was constitutively expressed and had a mild up-regulation in colitic animals, constitutive expression of VCAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 was low, but markedly increased after induction of colitis. Leukocyte adhesion was abrogated by immunoneutralization of VCAM-1 or MAdCAM-1 but not by treatment with an anti-ICAM-1 antibody. Chronic administration of anti-VCAM-1 antibody, but not anti-ICAM-1 or anti-MAdCAM-1, resulted in significant attenuation of colitis in terms of disease activity index, colon length, ratio of colon weight to length, and myeloperoxidase activity. In conclusion, VCAM-1 plays a central role in leukocyte recruitment in colitis and blockade of this adhesion molecule has higher therapeutic effect than immunoneutralization of ICAM-1 or MAdCAM-1 in this experimental model.

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