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Oncogene. 2000 Oct 12;19(43):4961-9.

The effector loop and prenylation site of R-Ras are involved in the regulation of integrin function.

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Department of Vascular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, CA 92037, USA.


The closely related small GTP-binding proteins H-Ras and R-Ras have opposing effects on the regulation of integrin cell adhesion receptors. To gain insight into the properties of R-Ras with respect to the regulation of integrin function and interactions with downstream effectors we performed an analysis of R-Ras variants containing mutations in the effector binding domain and C-terminal prenylation site. We found that the activation of the downstream effector PI 3-kinase was sensitive to mutations in the effector binding domain, as was the binding to the effectors, Ral-GDS, Raf-1 and the novel effector Nore1. Furthermore, specific mutations in the effector binding loop and C-terminal prenylation motif impaired the ability of R-Ras to regulate integrin function in CHO cells. However, the ability of the R-Ras effector loop mutants to bind, and activate known effectors did not correlate with their ability to regulate integrin function. Thus, the known R-Ras effectors are not critical for regulating integrin activation, at least in CHO cells. Consequently, these studies provide insight into the structural basis of the interactions between R-Ras and its candidate effectors and suggest the existence of novel mechanisms through which this GTPase could regulate cell adhesion.

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