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Cell Death Differ. 2000 Sep;7(9):834-42.

Resveratrol causes arrest in the S-phase prior to Fas-independent apoptosis in CEM-C7H2 acute leukemia cells.

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Institute of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.


Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), in the concentration range of 20 microM and above, induced arrest in the S-phase and apoptosis in the T cell-derived T-ALL lymphocytic leukemia cell line CEM-C7H2 which is deficient in functional p53 and p16. Expression of transgenic p16/INK4A, which causes arrest in G0/G1, markedly reduced the percentage of apoptotic cells. Antagonist antibodies to Fas or FasL, or constitutive expression of crmA did not diminish the extent of resveratrol-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, a caspase-8-negative, Fas-resistant Jurkat cell line was sensitive to resveratrol-induced apoptosis which could be strongly inhibited in the Jurkat as well as in the CEM cell line by z-VAD-fmk and z-IETD-fmk. The almost complete inhibition by z-IETD-fmk and the lack of inhibition by crmA suggested caspase-6 to be the essential initiator caspase. Western blots revealed the massive conversion of procaspase-6 to its active form, while caspase-3 and caspase-2 were proteolytically activated to a much lesser extent.

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