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Am J Phys Anthropol. 2000 Nov;113(3):381-8.

Differences of subcutaneous adipose tissue topography in type-2 diabetic (NIDDM) women and healthy controls.

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1
Institute for Medical Chemistry and Pregl Laboratory, Karl-Franzens-University of Graz, Harrachgasse 21, A-8010 Graz, Austria. erwin.tafeit@kfunigraz.ac.at

Abstract

Women suffering from type-2 diabetes mellitus (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [NIDDM]) have more total body fat and upper body obesity compared with healthy controls. However, the standard measurement methods have disadvantages such as radiological burden, lack of precision, or high time consumption. A new optical device, the Lipometer, enables the noninvasive, quick, and save determination of the thickness of subcutaneous adipose tissue layers at any given site of the human body. The specification of 15 evenly distributed body sites allows the precise measurement of subcutaneous body fat distribution, so-called subcutaneous adipose tissue topography (SAT-Top). SAT-Tops of 20 women with clinically proven NIDDM and 122 healthy controls matched by age group were measured. In this paper, we describe the precise SAT-Top differences of these two groups and present the multidimensional SAT-Top information condensed in a two-dimensional factor plot and in a response plot of an artificial neural network. NIDDM women provide significantly lower leg SAT-Top and significantly higher upper trunk SAT-Top development ("apple"-type) compared with their healthy controls.

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