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Vet Microbiol. 2000 Nov 15;77(1-2):129-36.

Cellular insertions in the NS2-3 genome region of cytopathic bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) isolates.

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  • 1University of Veterinary Medicine, SK-041 81, Kosice, Slovak Republic.


When compared to noncytopathic (ncp) bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), some cytopathic (cp) BVDV contain additional sequences in the NS2-3 genomic region. One of these insertions, which is 270 nucleotides long and of host origin (cINS), was first described for strain NADL. To find out how frequently this type of insertion occurs in other cp BVDV, 32 cp BVDV field isolates and the BVDV reference cp strain Indiana were screened using RT-PCR which detected cINS in NADL. For most cp viruses an RT-PCR product of 402bp indicated the presence of NS2-3 genes without insertions. In addition, one or two DNA fragments, around 600-850bp in size, were amplified from the genomes of 13 cp viruses indicating the presence of insertions. Sequencing of the PCR products, i.e. 402bp DNA fragment (with no insertion) and longer fragments (with insertion) revealed the location of the insertions in the NS2-3 coding region of eight cp BVDV genomes. All of the insertions were confirmed to be of the cINS type and were located in a very similar position to that found previously in the NADL genome. They were in the same reading frame as the viral polypeptide and they encoded 90-140 amino acids. The 5' and 3' ends of the insertions were different in most of the cp isolates studied. Interestingly, a 14-amino-acid stretch at the 5'-end of the insertion in the cp 5569 isolate as well as 15 amino acids at the 3'-end of the insertion in the cp 5.19516 isolate were not homologous to the cINS sequence. No significant matches for these stretches were found in the EMBL and Swissprot databases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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