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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2000 Oct;11(9):1115-20.

Fibrin sheath stripping versus catheter exchange for the treatment of failed tunneled hemodialysis catheters: randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the effectiveness of two treatments for tunneled hemodialysis catheter malfunction: percutaneous fibrin sheath stripping (PFSS) and over-the-wire catheter exchange (EX).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Adult patients with poorly functioning tunneled hemodialysis catheters (flow rates < 200 mL/min) were randomly assigned to receive either PFSS or EX. Over the course of 20 months, 30 patients (37 encounters) referred to a single institution met the inclusion criteria and consented to participate. PFSS employed transcatheter snares via femoral vein puncture, whereas EX was performed over a guide wire with use of fluoroscopic guidance. Patients were followed up to determine the duration of continued adequate hemodialysis via manipulated catheters for up to 4 months (primary outcome measure).

RESULTS:

Overall technical success rate was 97%. Mean catheter patency for the PFSS group was 24.5 +/- 29.3 days, and 52.2 +/- 43 days for the EX group (P < .0001). After EX, patency rates at 1, 2, 3, and 4 months were 71%, 33%, 27%, and 27%, compared to 31%, 16%, 7%, and 0% after PFSS (P = .04, logrank test). Exchanged catheters were significantly more likely to be patent for as long as 4 months (23% versus 0%; P < .05, chi2 test).

CONCLUSIONS:

Malfunctioning tunneled hemodialysis catheters treated by means of EX are significantly more likely to remain patent for up to 4 months than are those treated by means of PFSS. According to the results of this trial, PFSS should not be performed as a routine therapy for catheter malfunction.

PMID:
11041466
DOI:
10.1016/s1051-0443(07)61351-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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