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Thyroid. 2000 Sep;10(9):803-8.

Changes in lipoprotein(a) levels in overt and subclinical hypothyroidism before and during treatment.

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Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Panagia Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.


The aim of this prospective, follow-up study was to examine the influence of overt hypothyroidism (OHP) and subclinical (SHP), before and during thyroxine (T4) treatment, on lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], other lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins. Twenty-four patients (17 females, 7 males) with OHP, aged 54 +/- 11.1 years (group A) and 23 patients (females) with SHP aged 50.1 +/- 13.2 years (group B) were evaluated and compared to 34 and 38 controls, respectively. All patients received T4 therapy in a stepwise fashion until euthyroidism was reached. Thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), and total triiodothyronine (TT3) levels were measured before T4 therapy and repeatedly every 4 weeks after the initiation of treatment until the euthyroid state was reached. Levels of Lp(a), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) and apolipoprotein B (apoB) were measured before and 4 months after the achievement of euthyroidism. Additionally, body mass index (BMI) was also evaluated. We found that in OHP patients, levels of TC, LDLc, and apoB were elevated before treatment and decreased significantly after the return to the euthyroid state. BMI and levels of triglycerides also decreased significantly; Lp(a) was higher in OHP patients in comparison with controls and decreased significantly by 14.56% (25.29% in men and 10.34% in women) during T4 treatment. In SHP patients, levels of all common lipoproteins, apolipoproteins, and Lp(a) did not differ significantly from controls before treatment and did not change after the euthyroid stage was reached. It is concluded that in overt hypothyroidism, Lp(a) levels and most of the lipoproteins were elevated before treatment and decreased significantly. In subclinical hypothyroidism, lipoproteins and Lp(a) levels were normal at baseline and did not change during treatment.

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