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Arch Microbiol. 2000 Sep;174(3):200-12.

A selDABC cluster for selenocysteine incorporation in Eubacterium acidaminophilum.

Author information

1
Institut für Mikrobiologie, Martin Luther Universität Halle, Saale, Germany.

Abstract

The four genes required for selenocysteine incorporation were isolated from the gram-positive, amino acid-fermenting anaerobe Eubacterium acidaminophilum, which expresses various selenoproteins of different functions. The sel genes were located in an unique organization on a continuous fragment of genomic DNA in the order selD1 (selenophosphate synthetase 1), selA (selenocysteine synthase), selB (selenocysteine-specific elongation factor), and selC (selenocysteine-specific tRNA). A second gene copy, encoding selenophosphate synthetase 2 (selD2), was present on a separate fragment of genomic DNA. SelD1 and SelD2 were only 62.9% identical, but the two encoding genes, selD1 and selD2, contained an in-frame UGA codon encoding selenocysteine, which corresponds to Cys-17 of Escherichia coli SelD. The function of selA, selB, and selC from E. acidaminophilum was investigated by complementation of the respective E. coli deletion mutant strains and determined as the benzyl viologen-dependent formate dehydrogenase activity in these strains after anaerobic growth in the presence of formate. selA and selC from E. acidaminophilum were functional and complemented the respective mutant strains to 83% (selA) and 57% (selC) compared to a wild-type strain harboring the same plasmid. Complementation of the E. coli selB mutant was only observed when both selB and selC from E. acidaminophilum were present. Under these conditions, the specific activity of formate dehydrogenase was 55% of that of the wild type. Transformation of this selB mutant with selB alone was not sufficient to restore formate dehydrogenase activity.

PMID:
11041351
DOI:
10.1007/s002030000196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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