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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2000 Nov 1;192(1):9-14.

Comparison of the ADP-ribosylating thermozyme from Sulfolobus solfataricus and the mesophilic poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases.

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1
Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Biologica, Facoltà di Scienze, Università Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Abstract

The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-like thermozyme purified from Sulfolobus solfataricus was characterised with respect to some physico-chemical properties. The archaeal protein exhibited a scarce electrophoretic mobility at both pH 2.9 and pH 7.5. Determination of the isoelectric point (pI=7.0-7.2) allowed us to understand the reason for the limited migration at pH 7.5, while amino acid composition analysis showed a moderate content of basic residues, which reduced mobility at pH 2.9. With respect to the charge, the archaeal enzyme behaved differently from the eukaryotic thermolabile poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, described as a basic protein (pI=9.5). Well known inhibitors of the mesophilic polymerase like Zn(2+), nicotinamide and 3-aminobenzamide exerted a smaller effect on the enzyme from S. solfataricus, reducing the activity by at most 50%. Mg(2+) was a positive effector, although in a dose-dependent manner. It influenced the fluorescence spectrum of the archaeal protein, whereas NaCl had no effect.

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