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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Oct;32(10):1709-12.

A polymorphism in the alpha2a-adrenoceptor gene and endurance athlete status.

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1
Physical Activity Sciences Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Qu├ębec, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In a case control study, we examined the allelic frequencies and genotype distributions of two restricted fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) in the alpha-2A-adrenoceptor gene (ADRA2A) and beta-2-adrenoceptor gene (ADRB2) among elite endurance athletes (EEA) and sedentary controls (SC).

METHODS:

The EEA group included 148 Caucasian male subjects recruited on the basis that they had a VO2max > 74 mL O2 x kg(-1) x min(-1). The SC group comprised 149 unrelated sedentary male subjects, all Caucasians, from the Quebec Family Study. After digestion with the restriction enzymes Dra I (ADRA2A) and Ban I (ADRB2), Southern blotting and hybridization techniques were used to detect the mutations in the two ADR genes, which are encoded on chromosomes 10 (q24-26) and 5 (q31-32), respectively.

RESULTS:

For the Dra I ADRA2A RFLP, we observed a significant difference in genotype distributions between the two groups (P = 0.037). A higher frequency of the 6.7-kb allele was observed in the EEA group compared with the SC group (P = 0.013). No statistically significant difference was found between groups for the Ban I ADRB2 polymorphic site. Genotype frequencies for both genes in both groups were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.

CONCLUSIONS:

In summary, we found evidence that ADRA2A gene variability detected with Dra I is weakly associated with elite endurance athlete status, and we conclude that genetic variation in the ADRA2A gene or a locus in close proximity may play a role in being able to sustain the endurance training regimen necessary to attain a high level of maximal aerobic power.

PMID:
11039642
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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