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Br J Anaesth. 1975 Aug;47(8):819-24.

Positive end-expiratory pressure in anaesthetized spontaneously breathing horses.


Horses breathing spontaneously under halothane anaesthesia were subjected to expiratory resistance by the introduction of a water-trap into the expiratory limb of a circle absorber. Resistances of 10 and 20 cm H2O produced no significant increase in PaO2 (P greater than 0.05) during halothane/air and halothane/oxygen anaesthesia. The imposition of resistance was associated with an increase in PaCO2 and a significant increase in mixed venous PCO2. In three animals subjected to 20 cm H2O resistance under halothane/air anaesthesia, the cardiac output was reduced (P less than 0.01). It was concluded that the indiscriminate application of end-expiratory pressure has no place in routine equine anaesthesia.

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