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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2000 Sep 15;80(2):198-206.

Activation of the Jak-Stat- and MAPK-pathways by oncostatin M is not sufficient to cause growth inhibition of human glioma cells.

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Clinic of Neurology, Westf. Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Str. 33, D-48129, Münster, Germany.


We have recently described that oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the IL-6 family of cytokines, induces the differentiation of human glioma cells in culture. In order to extend this studies, we analyzed the effect of OSM on other human glioma cell lines including A172, U343-MG and T98G. All of these cell lines express the receptor components of OSM and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) gp130, LIFR and the OSM specific OSMRbeta. Therefore, we expected these cell lines to respond to OSM and LIF. Using specific antibodies recognizing proteins of the janus kinase (Jak-)/signal transducers and activator of transcription (Stat-) signaling cascade that has been shown to transduce the signals of the IL-6 cytokines to the nucleus, we could show that Jak1, Jak2 and Tyk2, as well as the Stat proteins Stat1, Stat3 and Stat5b were phosphorylated in all three cell lines by OSM and, at least in part, by LIF. Activation of the Stat proteins was also detected by EMSA which revealed complex formation on the Stat3 DNA-binding element and on a Stat5 binding site. Consistent with our recent findings, OSM treatment also induced the activation of the MAPK erk2 and the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 in cells of the A172, T98G and U343-MG cell lines. Although this activation pattern was very close to what we had observed in the GOS3 glioma cells, only T98G showed a growth inhibition in response to OSM while the A172 and the U343-MG cell lines did not respond to OSM treatment in terms of growth inhibition.

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