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Ophthalmic Genet. 2000 Sep;21(3):135-50.

Mutational analysis and clinical correlation in Leber congenital amaurosis.

Author information

1
Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins Center for Hereditary Eye Diseases, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. sdharmaraj@jhmi.edu

Abstract

Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA, MIM 204001) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous retinal disorder characterized by severe visual loss from birth, nystagmus, poor pupillary reflexes, retinal pigmentary or atrophic changes, and a markedly diminished electroretinogram (ERG).

PURPOSE:

To examine 100 consecutive patients with LCA in order to assess the relative burden of the three known genes involved in LCA, namely retinal guanylyl cyclase (GUCY2D), retinal pigment epithelium protein ( RPE65), and the cone-rod homeobox (CRX), and to define their clinical correlates.

METHODS:

Mutational analysis and detailed clinical examinations were performed in patients diagnosed with LCA at the Johns Hopkins Center for Hereditary Eye Diseases and the Montreal Children's Hospital.

RESULTS:

Mutations were identified in 11% of our patients: GUCY2D mutations accounted for 6%, while RPE65 and CRX gene mutations accounted for 3% and 2%, respectively. The clinical presentation was variable; however, the visual evolution in patients with mutations in GUCY2D and CRX remained stable, while individuals with mutations in the RPE65 gene showed progressive visual loss.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that molecular diagnosis of Leber congenital amaurosis could provide important information concerning prognosis and course of treatment.

PMID:
11035546
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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