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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jan 12;276(2):993-8.

The tumor suppressor PTEN is phosphorylated by the protein kinase CK2 at its C terminus. Implications for PTEN stability to proteasome-mediated degradation.

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Instituto de Investigaciones Citol├│gicas, 46010 Valencia, Spain.


The tumor suppressor phosphatase PTEN regulates cell migration, growth, and survival by dephosphorylating phosphatidylinositol second messengers and signaling phosphoproteins. PTEN possesses a C-terminal noncatalytic regulatory domain that contains multiple putative phosphorylation sites, which could play an important role in the control of its biological activity. The protein kinase CK2 phosphorylated, in a constitutive manner, a cluster of Ser/Thr residues located at the PTEN C terminus. PTEN-phosphorylated defective mutants showed decreased stability in comparison with wild type PTEN and were more rapidly degraded by the proteasome. Inhibition of PTEN phosphorylation by the CK2 inhibitor 5,6-dichloro-1-beta-d-ribofuranosyl-benzimidazole also diminished the PTEN protein content. Our results support the notion that proper phosphorylation of PTEN by CK2 is important for PTEN protein stability to proteasome-mediated degradation.

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