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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2000 Sep 15;190(2):185-90.

A novel degradative pathway of 2-nitrobenzoate via 3-hydroxyanthranilate in Pseudomonas fluorescens strain KU-7.

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Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Engineering and High Technology Research Center, Kansai University, Osaka, Japan.


A bacterial strain KU-7, identified as a Pseudomonas fluorescens by 16S rDNA sequencing, was one of the 12 new isolates that are able to grow on 2-nitrobenzoate as a sole source of carbon, nitrogen, and energy. Resting cells of KU-7 were found to accumulate ammonia in the medium indicating that degradation of 2-NBA proceeds through a reductive route. Metabolite analyses by thin layer chromatography and high pressure liquid chromatography indicated that 3-hydroxyanthranilate is an intermediate of 2-nitrobenzoate metabolism in KU-7 cells. This offers an alternative route to 2-nitrobenzoate metabolism since anthranilate (2-aminobenzoate) or catechol were detected as intermediates in other bacteria. Crude extracts of KU-7 cells converted 2-nitrobenzoate to 3-hydroxyanthranilate with oxidation of 2 mol of NADPH. Ring cleavage of 3-hydroxyanthranilate produced a transient yellow product, identified as 2-amino-3-carboxymuconic 6-semialdehyde, that has a maximum absorbance at 360 nm. The initial enzymes of the 2-nitrobenzoate degradation pathway were found to be inducible since succinate-grown cells produced very low enzyme activities. A pathway for 2-nitrobenzoate degradation in KU-7 was proposed.

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