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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jan 12;276(2):1311-6.

Post-transcriptional regulation of the gli1 oncogene by the expression of alternative 5' untranslated regions.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and the Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.

Abstract

The oncogene GLI1 is involved in the formation of basal cell carcinoma and other tumor types as a result of the aberrant signaling of the Sonic hedgehog-Patched pathway. In this study, we have identified alternative GLI1 transcripts that differ in their 5' untranslated regions (UTRs) and are generated by exon skipping. These are denoted alpha-UTR, beta-UTR, and gamma-UTR according to the number of noncoding exons possessed (three, two, and one, respectively). The alpha- and beta-UTR forms represent the major Gli1 transcripts expressed in mouse tissues, whereas the gamma-UTR is present at relatively low levels but is markedly induced in mouse skin treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate. Transcripts corresponding to the murine beta and gamma forms were identified in human tissues, but significantly, only the gamma-UTR form was present in basal cell carcinomas and in proliferating cultures of a keratinocyte cell line. Flow cytometry analysis determined that the gamma-UTR variant expresses a heterologous reporter gene 14-23-fold higher than the alpha-UTR and 5-13-fold higher than the beta-UTR in a variety of cell types. Because expression of the gamma-UTR variant correlates with proliferation, consistent with a role for GLI1 in growth promotion, up-regulation of GLI1 expression through skipping of 5' noncoding exons may be an important tumorigenic mechanism.

PMID:
11032829
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M005191200
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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