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J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 22;275(51):39823-6.

Cloning and recombinant expression of a structurally novel human secreted phospholipase A2.

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Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS-UPR 411, 660 route des Lucioles, Sophia Antipolis 06560 Valbonne, France.


Mammals contain a diverse set of secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) that liberate arachidonic acid from phospholipids for the production of eicosanoids and exert a variety of physiological and pathological effects. We report the cloning, recombinant expression, and kinetic properties of a novel human sPLA(2) that defines a new structural class of sPLA(2)s called group XII. The human group XII (hGXII) cDNA contains a putative signal peptide of 22 residues followed by a mature protein of 167 amino acids that displays homology to all known sPLA(2)s only over a short stretch of amino acids in the active site region. Northern blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analyses show that the tissue distribution of hGXII is distinct from the other human sPLA(2)s with strong expression in heart, skeletal muscle, kidney, and pancreas and weaker expression in brain, liver, small intestine, lung, placenta, ovaries, testis, and prostate. Catalytically active hGXII was produced in Escherichia coli and shown to be Ca(2+)-dependent despite the fact that it is predicted to have an unusual Ca(2+)-binding loop. Similar to the previously characterized mouse group IIE sPLA(2)s, the specific activity of hGXII is low in comparison to that of other mammalian sPLA(2), suggesting that hGXII could have novel functions that are independent of its phospholipase A(2) activity.

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