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Phys Rev Lett. 2000 Oct 23;85(17):3652-5.

Spontaneous chirality in simple systems

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1
Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, Long Beach, California 90840, USA.

Abstract

Two simple examples of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking are presented. The first is close-packed cylindrically confined spheres. As the cylinder diameter is varied, one obtains a variety of chiral phases. The second example involves unconfined dipolar particles with an isotropic attraction, which also exhibits chiral ground states. We speculate that a dilute magnetorheological fluid film, with the addition of smaller particles to provide an attractive entropic interaction, will exhibit a chiral columnar ground state.

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